Cholofeminine form cholaa young person who participates in or identifies with Mexican American gang subculture. The term, sometimes used disparagingly, is derived from early Spanish and Mexican usage and denotes marginalization. The cholo subculture originated in the barrio neighbourhood street gangs of Southern California.
In the early 21st century, some of its stylistic elements were appropriated by pop stars and clothing manufacturers for consumption by the wider youth culture. Cholo style includes characteristic demeanour, clothing, makeup, speech patterns, hand als, tattoosand graffiti. Characteristics associated with choloization include low socioeconomic status, marginalized acculturationproblems in school, and the need for cultural support, protection, and a sense of belonging.
Loyalty, chola, respect, and protection of territory are hallmark cholo values that guide behaviour and social organization. Locura crazinesscriminal activity, and fighting are mexico within the subculture, and cholos are at high risk for drugalcoholand tobacco use at an early age.
The forerunners of the cholo tradition were the pachucosMexican American adolescents who belonged to gangs between and Known as zoot suiters because of their style of dress—baggy, high-waisted trousers cuffed at the ankles; long, wide-shouldered sports coat; ducktail hairstyle; long decorative chains; and tattoos on the hands and arms—they are remembered for a confrontation in East Los Angeles known as the Zoot Suit Riots.
Cholo gangs are loosely organized into age cohorts or cliques, called klikas. Most cliques are separated in age by two to three years, so that within a barrio there is a succession of cliques, which together make up a larger barrio unit of older and younger gang members. Wannabes are youngsters who emulate the gang style but are not yet members.
Although most leave the gang in their early 20s, some older members remain active. Veteranos may serve as counselors and role models and are accorded considerable prestige.
I am a cholo
A clique tends to have a unique behavioral and stylistic ature and may be known to specialize in particular activities, such as violence or drug use. Female cliques have become more prevalent and are structurally equivalent to male cliques. Cliques are mexico source of companionship, financial and emotional support, and physical protection. Cholos find chola outlets for creative expression, including graffiti, tattoos, and customized lowrider cars customized cars with a lowered chassis. Cholo tattoos also employ this style of writing, often on the neck or face.
Other common tattoos include praying hands, teardrops, and hand tattoos ifying specific criminal activities. Lowriders are of two basic types: immaculate restorations of s- and s-era family cars, and later-model cars that have been restyled with elegant upholstery, paint, chrome- and gold-plated undercarriage, elaborate sound systems, and hydraulic suspension that permits individual wheels to be raised from the ground while the car is in motion.
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