Drea Letamendi to provide psychological profiles of a couple of the most notable versions of the fan favorite Batman foe. Be sure to also check out Dr. Among the many versions of Harley Quinn, the very first portrayal of the quirky character is the one that established her definitive psychological architecture: She is lively, boisterous, playful, irresistibly charming, and unmistakably bold.
Dressed in her jester-inspired black-and-red motley one-piece and a domino mask, Harley exudes the attitude of a carefree clown and the physical magnetism of a performer. She is sentimental, endearing, lighthearted. In the Animated SeriesHarley floats on air. This is the Harley we see being thrown through glass windows. This is the Harley who delivers a deadpan joke while her limp body twitches in a pile of garbage.
This Harley. She is the Harley who started out as a blonde spunky sidekick and eventually transformed into one of the most adored, championed, troublesome, and provocative comic book characters to transcend multiple forms of media. Her tests demonstrate that she is no longer a danger to the self or society. Although Arkham is more fiction than not and more of a prison than a hospitalthe scene of Harley quinn discharged offers a helpful perspective related to the involuntary commitment of individuals who present a danger to themselves or others due to s of violation illness.
Welfare and Institutions Codes differ across states involuntary civil commitment is known as Section in California, for instance, and comprises a hour holdbut Gotham City seems to have a similar law wherein a person with a mental illness can be involuntarily detained unless cleared by standardized, comprehensive testing.
In more realistic and ethical situations, individuals are transported to hospitals and deated treatment units where the proper treatments are offered— in the majority of cases, criminal offenses rarely come into play and the person is not sent to jail. In many ways, involuntary hospitalization may be helpful to the person The on a hold — they might benefit from access to immediate care, physical safety for the self, and support from family members who can rally for them.
Psychiatric holds do introduce challenges. Often, it is a worried neighbor, family member, or citizen who calls the cops to respond to a person observed as erratic, distressing, or a potential harm to themselves; although this is a public service, the linkage between mental status and civil punishment is muddling.
While shopping in a high-end clothing store, she accidentally walks out the door with the security sensors attached. A uniformed officer attempts to stop her, and the moment he lunches at her to grab the harley, Harley becomes overwhelmed and downshifts back into the helpless feelings and sensations of a prisoner.
Some moments later, she gives up her attempts to conform to the law, feeling censored and surveilled, watched and persecuted, finding it futile to work against a society that pathologizes her. She defaults into her hostile and violent ways, earning a spot back in Arkham Asylum.
For any of us recovering from a crisis, multiple resources are paramount. Interestingly, BTAS highlights the psychological barriers persons face after long-term or frequent hospitalizations. It is a powerful commentary about the treatment of individuals who have the willingness and commitment toward recovery and rehabilitation, especially if their mental health needs are elevated.
In prisons, for instance, the prevalence of mental illness is three to six times higher than outside of these settings—and there are more mentally ill persons in jails than in hospitals, a result of the unstable mental health system and the criminalization—and stigmatization—of people trying to cope with severe mental illness. In many places, people like Harley go through the arrest-incarcerate-release-repeat revolving door while painfully suffering the symptoms of their illness. Research shows that assisted outpatient treatment can help persons with histories of mental illness and legal problems reduce their risks of homelessness, suicide attempts, and substance abuse.
These programs also keep the public safer by reducing incidents involving physical harm to others and property destruction. As a psychology intern, Dr. Harleen Quinzel eagerly accepts one of the most challenging cases, one that will change her life forever.
Their connection starts with confusing feelings; the Joker associates negative and positive emotions in order to establish Dr. During therapy sessions, he discloses stories about his abusive childhood and upbringing. Quinzel, and unexpectedly releases his prison trousers.
This is a predatory tactic. Despite being the one holding freedom and authority, Dr. Quinzel is subjugated. Joker claims dominance in the room. He knows he is physically more powerful than she—and he uses this power to intimidate, humiliate and reduce her.
Brutality with intimacy. Pain with pleasure. Inexplicably drawn to him, Harleen is pulled in. When she discovers that she could rescue the Joker from a system that continues to torture him, her alter-ego, Harley Quinn, is created. Perhaps due to its timing, aired alongside energetic and frenzied shows like Tiny Toon Adventures and AnimaniacsBTAS employed liberal use of explosives, intentional violence and violence by mishap, often depicting the straightforward and honest suggestion of a long-term abusive relationship between the Joker and Harley Quinn.
Frequently delivered as slapstick, BTAS portrays romantic love in the form of combative arguments between a jester and a clown. Physical comedy is part of their repertoire. At times, scenes only imply physical altercations. For instance, when the Joker is driven senselessly mad on screen, the perspective will shift abruptly and we cut to a screaming Harley as her body catapults out of a back door and lands on the street.
Other times, we see overt depictions of intimate partner abuse in the form of Joker grabbing, striking, kicking, choking, and flinging Harley to the ground.
Pyyntöäsi ei voi käsitellä
In one scene, the Joker uses a ridiculously massive swordfish to shove Harley out a window of a high rise building. She crashes through the glass windows and falls, in slow motion, several stories to the street. Though we do not see her land, the story cuts to an image of her limp body atop bags of trash and debris, twitching from injuries, blood dripping down her face.
Intimate partner violence IPV is one of the most common forms of violence against women and can include the use of physical, sexual, emotional abuse, and controlling behaviors by a romantic partner. IPV occurs in all settings and among all socioeconomic, religious, and cultural groups.
What if, at one point, Harley was genuinely interested in satisfying, rough-play with the Joker? Would the above definitions of intimate partner violence still apply? Is it her fault that the lines have become blurred? Consent is hugely important in making those determinations.
All consensual intimate activities—including ones involving pain, humiliation, dominance, and control—are based on the ethical and safe principles that what partners do together is carried out through informed, voluntary agreement. Consent is therefore mutual and informed. When we give consent to engage in a power exchange in a relationship, then, we must do so freely, without being subjected to threats, fraud, coercion or deceit.
Consent is also revocable. Anyone can revoke consent to anything at any time during or between intimate activities. Batman offers her a moment to escape the situation by inviting her to team with him, just for a night.
The original harley
Then I met Mr. J, who listened to me for a change and made everything fun. True, Harley is savvy, resourceful, and independent. A theory called the Cycle of Violence is often helpful in better understanding why Harley continues to choose a violent situation over a safe one. The Cycle of Violencetheory explains how and why the behavior of a person who commits domestic and family violence may change so dramatically over time —earning trust, renewing faith, and confusing their partner in a cyclical pattern.
Notably, after quinn stages of escalation and explosion peak violencethe partners enter a honeymoon phase during which both people in the relationship may be in denial as to how bad the abuse and violence really was. Often, the participants do not want the relationship to end, so are willing to ignore the possibility that the violence could occur again. Though nearly all depictions of Harley and the Joker in BTAS show unhealthy interactions, seeing the whole array of power and control, and the highs and lows, from the context of a cycle allows us a window into real circumstances of dangerous partnerships.
In an effort to help Harley leave the Joker, Poison Ivy brings Harley to her home and attempts to teach her a lifestyle about independence and self-sufficiency. Moments later, she is enamored with him, relieved to be back with him. This may be one of the most extreme depictions of their abuse, and is true to life: The riskiest period of time for a victim of intimate partner violence is shortly after leaving their abuser; there is a higher likelihood of a fatality or serious injury because the perpetrator interprets it as loss of control and escalates violence to regain the control.
And the severity of the physical interaction matters. According to one often-cited statisticthose who harley been choked by an intimate partner are seven times as likely to eventually be The by them. The Duluth Model, known better as the Power and Control Wheelcan be more helpful in understanding and predicting relationship violence because it actually illustrates a pattern of co-occurring actions that an aggressor uses to intentionally control or dominate their intimate partner. Think of the wheel as a diagram of the tactics the Joker uses.
While the inside of the wheel is comprised of subtle, continual behaviors, the violation ring represents physical, visible violence that others might see.
These are the abusive acts that are more overt and forceful, and often the intense acts that reinforce the regular use of other subtler methods of abuse. Many of these actions can be happening at any one time, all as a way to enforce power within the relationship. As they accumulate, a lot of these behaviors can feel subtle and become normal — often unrecognizable—until observed in a collective way. As a sidekick to the Clown Prince, Harley finds her identity and her value almost completely defined by the Joker. Another important complication: Harley is thrilled by violence, too.
She cannot see the faults in the Joker if they resemble her own, or she would have to confront her own vulnerabilities and wrongdoings. The belief that troubled people are good together is an indication of a trauma bond. A trauma bond is a complex attachment between individuals, usually formed in the presence of danger, shame or exploitation. When we are bonded this way, we are often triggered by the presence of the other person, and, disconcertingly, grow a desire to want to help the person who hurt us.
Harley exhibits further evidence of struggling with a trauma bond, including: Having difficulty leaving unhealthy relationships, trusting those who have proven themselves untrustworthy, maintaining contact and perhaps desiring to be understood by her aggressor, and rationalizing violations into consensual activities.